The Department of Transportation states anyone performing tasks defined by the DOT as safety-sensitive are subject to DOT workplace drug and alcohol testing. Some examples of safety-sensitive jobs are occupations that work on pipelines, drive trucks, and operate or repair ferries, trains, or airplanes.
DOT workplace drug and alcohol testing is regulated for the safety of the traveling public, co-workers, and the employee. In 1991 the U.S. Congress recognized the importance for employees working in safety –sensitive areas to be drug and alcohol free. They passed the Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act to require DOT agencies to implement drug and alcohol testing for safety-sensitive employees of the transportation industry. The rules and regulations line out who can be tested, when they can be tested, how they are tested, and how they can return to safety-sensitive positions after testing positive to drugs or alcohol. These rules are contained in the 49 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 40.
Drug and alcohol testing for DOT regulated jobs can include pre-employment, random selection, reasonable suspicion, return-to-duty, follow-up, or post-accident. DOT drug testing is conducted via a urine sample that is collected onsite by certified collection employees of Missouri OnSite Testing. A negative test for marijuana/THC, cocaine, amphetamines (methamphetamines), opiates (codeine, heroin, morphine), and phencyclidine (PCP) may be obtained onsite. However a positive test can take 24-48 hours for results.
The testing process consists of the collection process (49 CFR Part 40, Subparts C, D, E), testing at the laboratory (49 CFR Part 40, Subpart F), and review by the Medical Review Officer. (49 CFR Part 40, Subpart G).
Alcohol testing of a transportation safety-sensitive employee can be ordered for pre-employment, random selection, reasonable suspicion, return-to-duty, follow-up, or post-accident. At the beginning of an alcohol test, a Screening Test Technician or a Breath Alcohol Technician from Missouri OnSite Testing will establish a private area protecting the privacy of the employee before collecting a sample using a DOT approved method. The person being tested must sign a Step #2 Alcohol Testing Form. The technician will then perform a screening test and show the results to the testing subject. If the test reveals a concentration of less than 0.02, then no further testing is authorized and no DOT action is taken. However, if the testing results are greater than 0.02 the testing subject is required to take a confirmation test. Our Breath Alcohol Technician will use an Evidential Breath Testing device (EBT). The technician must wait at least 15 minutes but no more than 30 minutes before administering the confirmation test. During the 15 minute waiting period, the test subject is not allowed to eat, drink, smoke, belch, put anything in their mouth or leave the testing area.
Missouri OnSite Testing administers all DOT testing in compliance with The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act and the DOT’s testing procedures found at 49 CFR Part 40, commonly known as “Part 40. WE can manage your DOT screening and DOT testing, record retention, random selection process, and supply you with mock compliance audits.
Give us a call today at 417-831-6678 to discuss your DOT testing requirements.